The white egg is newly laid, which will become purple speckled if it is fertile.
Egg about to hatch
Newly emerged larva after eating the empty egg shell (on left)
Newly emerged from egg
Larva has eaten green grass
First instar larva
Late first instar larva showing small knobs at the ends of the hairs
Second instar larva
Third instar larva
Fourth instar larva
Fifth instar larva, green colour form
Fifth instar larva, brown colour form
Larva head of first instar
Larva head of second instar
Larva head of third instar
Larva head of fourth instar
Larva head of fifth instar, brown colour form
Larva head of fifth instar, green colour form
Pupa, green colour form
Green colour form pupa turning brown as the butterfly develops
within the pupal case.
Pupa on left is three days before butterfly emergence.
Pupa on right is about 12 hours before butterfly emergence.
All photography by
unless stated otherwise.