Pupa and partly opened shelter of subspecies clara,
made near a leaf base on Gahnia seiberiana
Closeup of pupa cremaster, ventral view on left, dorsal view on right
(hooked cremaster bristles and abdominal conical bristle bases visible)
Closeup of bristles on the cremaster, which are flattened for
strength and hooked at the ends
so that the pupa can anchor itself to the silk lined shelter (in the same manner as velcro)
All photography and artwork by R. Grund unless stated otherwise.