Male showing the silky sex brand in middle of forewing
Males, Hotspur Forest
Females, Hotspur Forest
Poa meionectes, a hostplant for the Forest Xenica
Newly laid eggs
Eggs after five days
Eggs after eight days, about to hatch.
Black larva head is at top of egg with mouth clearly visible.
First instar larva (2 mm) just emerged from egg. Setae have sticky knobs.
Late first instar larva (4 mm) after having eaten grass
First instar larva in defensive pose with head reared up
Closeup of setae on neck of first instar
Early second instar larva (5 mm)
Late second instar larva (8 mm)
Early third instar larva (9 mm)
Early fourth instar larva (14 mm)
Late fifth instar (23 mm)
Head capsule of second instar (0.5 mm)
Head capsule of third instar
Head capsule of fourth instar
Head capsule of fifth instar (3 mm)
Side closeup of fifth instar larva head
Pale form of the pupa (11 mm)
Ultra dark form of the pupa like piece of 'charcoal'
Dark form of the pupa with white termen spot
Dark form of the pupa (11 mm)
All photography by
unless stated otherwise.