Synemon parthenoides parthenoides male from Adelaide in closed-wing 'tent' posture; sitting on hostplant flower head L. carphoides
Coupled Synemon parthenoides valma adults, female on right, in typical closed-wing posture
Coupled Synemon parthenoides valma adults, female on top, in open-wing posture
Adelaide Hills woodland habitat for
Synemon parthenoides parthenoides
with an abundance of its larva host plant Lepidosperma carphoides and adult
nectaring plant Calytrix tetragona
Yorke Peninsula woodland habitat for Synemon parthenoides valma with an abundance of its larva host plant Lepidosperma congestum (in foreground)
Synemon parthenoides valma female resting on flower-head of hostplant Lepidosperma congestum
Hostplant Lepidosperma carphoides (in Adelaide Hills) that has had its central part killed by larvae of Synemon parthenoides parthenoides
Hostplants Lepidosperma carphoides (in Adelaide Hills) that have had their central parts killed by larvae of Synemon parthenoides parthenoides. Newly emerged adults have left behind their exuviae protruding from the cocoons in the central area of the hostplants; one exuvia in left image, four exuviae in right image (with 3 more either hidden or outside the perimeter of the hostplant).
Synemon parthenoides parthenoides unhatched and hatched eggs 2.4 mm,
and newly emerged larvae 4 mm
Synemon parthenoides parthenoides larva emerging from egg (2.4 mm),
showing mouthparts used to chew and open up the egg, 10-13 longitudinal ridges.
The pointed mouthpart is the silk spinneret.
All photography by R. Grund unless stated otherwise.