SOUTH AUSTRALIAN BUTTERFLIES

Theclinesthes albocincta (Waterhouse)   (Bitter-bush Blue)

Photography by R. Fisher

Immature larva of T. albocincta coastal form on the male flower head of
Adriana quadripartita form klotzschii.

Note the nectary gland (arrowed) of the Adriana which ants will feed from,
sometimes oblivious to the Theclinesthes larvae

Mature larva from Adelaide, with body half inside a fruit, eating out its contents

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A large droplet of nectary fluid near the posterior end of a mature larva from the Gawler Ranges,
that is used by attendant ants as a food source

The multicoloured mature larvae of T. albocincta coastal form from Adelaide, also showing the score marks
of the feeding larvae on the leaf surface of A. quadripartita form klotzschii.
The larvae are not normally gregarious as pictured but have been assembled together
to show their colour range

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Green mature larvae of T. albocincta inland form from Ooldea, also showing the
score marks of the feeding larvae on the leaf surface of A. urticoides var hookeri

Mature larvae of T. albocincta inland form from Alice Springs



Closeup of mature larvae of T. albocincta inland form from Alice Springs, head on left

A small parasitoid Braconid wasp that has developed via a third instar larva of T. albocincta.
The larva of the wasp after having demolished the insides of the butterfly larva, emerges and
makes a large silk cocoon beneath the dead butterfly larva and within which it pupates

Photography by R. Grund