SOUTH AUSTRALIAN BUTTERFLIES

Signeta flammeata (Butler)  (Bright Shield-skipper)

flammeata_la_5th_post.jpg (26206 bytes)

Posterior end (anal plate) of fifth instar larva showing the numerous white
secondary setae on the skin that impart a scabrous appearance to the larva

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Closeup of wine-glass shaped secondary setae in top photo,
also modified sensory (tactile) setae in lower part of photo

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Ultra-closeup of wine-glass shaped secondary setae on anal plate in top photo

flammeata_la_5th_spiracle.jpg (13870 bytes)

Closeup of spiracle in top photo, a tiny opening point on the side of most segments of the larva
that allows respiration.  When the larva breathes the central part of the spiracle opens,
expelling carbon dioxide and then allowing fresh oxygen into the tracheal system.

flammeata_la_5th_anter.jpg (26638 bytes)

Anterior end (head, prothoracic plate or shield and thoracic segments)
of fifth instar larva showing the numerous secondary setae

flammeata_la_5th_headsetae.jpg (31976 bytes)

Modified forward directed secondary setae on the above head of the fifth instar larva

flammeata_la_5th_necksetae.jpg (17018 bytes)

Ultra-closeup of wine-glass shaped secondary setae on the prothoracic plate in above photo

flammeata_la_5th_eye.jpg (26026 bytes)

Closeup of secondary setae and simple single corneal eyes (stemmata)
on lower side of head on above fifth instar larva.  Two eyes are visible;
there are normally about six present situated in a ring.

Photography by R. Grund