SOUTH AUSTRALIAN BUTTERFLIES

Croitana arenaria arenaria Edwards  (Inland Grass-skipper)

Croitana arenaria pilepudla Grund  (Kimba Grass-skipper)

(15302 bytes)

First instar larva, northern race, head on right

(19608 bytes)(18189 bytes)

First instar, southern race

arenaria_la_1st_shelter_Yal.jpg (20540 bytes)

First instar in process of constructing its first shelter, southern race

(11483 bytes)

First instar shelter, southern race

(24101 bytes)(17895 bytes)

Second instar, northern race                                               Third instar, southern race

 (23044 bytes)(15765 bytes)

Third instar, northern race Fourth instar, southern race (after 2 months of diapause)

(20919 bytes)

Fourth instar, northern race

(21200 bytes)(19206 bytes)

Northern race                                                                      Southern race
Final fifth instar

(24884 bytes)

Fifth instar, southern race

(14792 bytes)(15604 bytes)

Southern race             Northern race
Closeup of final instar head, showing different colour forms

(28381 bytes)

Final larva shelter of the northern race, on Enteropogon acicularis.
The shelter opening is from beneath

(39357 bytes)

Late instar larva shelter and eat marks of the northern race, on E. acicularis.
A two leaved shelter is present on lower left side, opening from the bottom

Photography by R. Grund